EVAP Emission control system leak small
Evaporative Emission Control System Leak Detected (small leak)
What does that mean?
This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code, which means that is applies to OBD-II equipped vehicles. Although generic, the specific repair steps may vary depending on make/model.
The vehicle's PCM (powertrain control module) tests the evaporative emissions (EVAP) system for large and small leaks among other conditions. In the case of this DTC, it indicates a fuel vapor leak in the EVAP control system. It means a very small leak has been detected. In fact, the leak can be from a hole as small as 0.04" in diameter. The (EVAP) emission control system prevents the escape of fuel vapors from a vehicle's fuel system.
Fuel vapors are routed by hoses to a charcoal canister for storage. Later, when the engine is running a purge control valve opens allowing intake vacuum to siphon the fuel vapors into the engine.
The only thing you will notice is the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) a.k.a. Check Engine Light will be illuminated. You likely won't notice any drivability problems although sometimes a fuel odor may be noticed.
A code P0442 most likely means one or more of the following has happened:
- A loose or improperly affixed gas cap
- A non-conforming gas cap (i.e. not factory/original brand)
- A small leak/hole in a fuel vapor hose/tube
- Other small leak in EVAP system
- Faulty vent o-ring seal
- Defective vent valve
- Defective purge valve
- Defective leak detection pump
With a P0442, the most common repair is to:
- Remove and reinstall the gas cap, clear the codes, and drive for a day and see if the codes come back.
- Otherwise, replace the gas cap (we recommend an OEM not aftermarket part), or
- Inspect the EVAP system for cuts/holes in tubes/hoses
More advanced troubleshooting steps include:
- Using an advanced scan tool, perform an EVAP leak test
- Verify operation of the EVAP purge solenoid / valve
- Perform a smoke test to see where the leak is
Generally there are vehicle and model specific procedures for proper diagnosis of this DTC.
Other EVAP DTCs: P0440 - P0441 -P0443 - P0444 - P0445 - P0446 - P0447 - P0448 - P0449 - P0452 - P0453 - P0455 - P0456
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